English Information

The “ABC” of the Gluten-free diet


permesso Always safe

rischio Unsafe, check the label

vietato Forbidden, it contains gluten!


permessoAlways safe. These foods are always safe for coeliacs as naturally gluten-free or manufactured through processes that don’t involve any risk of contamination.

These food products are NOT listed in our Food & Drink Directory.

rischioUnsafe, check the label: these foods may contain gluten as ingredient or traces due to contamination. They are safe if the label brings the claim “gluten-free” (“senza glutine” in Italian language).

These food products ARE listed in our Food & Drink Directory.

vietato Forbidden. These food products always contain gluten. They are NOT suitable for coeliacs.

These food products are -of course- NOT listed in our Food & Drink Directory.


Thanks to our young volunteers: Alessia Patuelli and Luca Pocher for providing the translation with the collaboration of Ida Borzillo, Giulia Papi, Camilla Caso, Martina Alberghini, Clelia Vitale, Benedetta Pancrazi, Camilla Filighera, Adriana Paoli, Isabella Consorti, Diana Rosone and of the Class 4 D of Applied Sciences programme of Liceo Cavalleri in Parabiago (MI)


Cereals, Tubers, Flour and derivatives

permesso Rice in grains
permesso Corn seeds, Steamed corn kernels
permesso Buckwheat seeds
permesso Amaranth seeds
permesso Millet seeds
permesso Quinoa grains
permesso Sorghum seeds
permesso Teff seeds
permesso Tubers (potato, sweet potato, Mexican potato, cassava, Jerusalem artichoke, etc.)
permesso Substitute products included in the Register of the Ministry of Health
permesso Oats (as an ingredient included in the National Register of the Ministry of Health only)

rischio Allowed grains mix, allowed grains and legumes mix
rischio Flour, starches, meals (e.g. maizen) and groats, creams and flakes of allowed cereals
rischio Instant cornmeal
rischio Chickpea, soybean, chestnut, almond, hazelnut flour, etc.
rischio Malt, malt extract of allowed cereals
rischio Malt extract of not allowed cereals
rischio Tapioca flour
rischio Gluten free wheat starch
rischio Allowed cereal-based breakfast products (puffed, flakes, muesli)
rischio Allowed waffles and rice cakes
rischio Allowed cereal bran
rischio Vegetable and dietary fibres
rischio Prepacked popcorn
rischio Readymade risottos (bagged, frozen, flavoured)
rischio Couscous, tacos, tortillas from allowed cereals
rischio Substitutes products (e.g. flour mixture, bread, bread substitutes, pasta)

vietato Wheat
vietato Emmer/spelt
vietato Barley
vietato Oat (except the one contained in the products included in the National Ministry of Health)
vietato Rye
vietato Monococco
vietato Khorasan wheat (commerialized as Kamut®)
vietato Spelt
vietato Triticale
vietato Flours, starch, bran, semolina, prohibited cereals creams and flakes
vietato First courses prepared with prohibited cereals (pasta, stuffed pasta, Roma-style dumplings, pizzocheri (pasta from Valtellina), pancakes)
vietato Bread and baked substitutes, sweets and salted,  prepared  with not allowed cereals (loaf bread, bread crumbs, flat bread, piadine, panzerotti, breadsticks, crackers, rusks, taralli, toasted bread, pretzels, cracotte, biscuits, snacks, pastries, cakes)
vietato Wheat germs
vietato Flours and etnic derivates: bulgur (boulgour o burghul), couscous (from prohibited cereals), cracked wheat, frik, greis, greunkern, seitan, tabulè
vietato Bran produced with prohibited cereals
vietato Malt produced with prohibited cereals
vietato Breakfast products produced with prohibited cereals (puffed, flakes, muesli, porridge)
vietato Polenta (if the buckwheat flour is mixed with wheat flour)


Meat, fish and eggs

permesso All kinds of meat, fish, shellfish and crustaceans (fresh or frozen) not mixed with other ingredients (with the exception of the sulphites, citric acid, ascorbic acid, sodium citrate, sodium carbonates)
permesso Preserved fish: natural, in oil, smoked, free of additives, flavourings and other substances (with the exception of the sulphites, citric acid, ascorbic acid)
permesso Eggs
permesso Pasteurized and liquid eggs (whole, egg yolks or egg whites) without additives, flavourings and other substances (non-flavored)
permesso Raw ham
permesso Lard of Colonnata IGP and Lard d'Arnad DOP

rischio Pork, beef or pouldry salami and sausage (bresaola, coppa, cotechino, bacon, sausage, bacon, ham, salami, sausage, bacon, sausages, speck, würstel, pig's trotter, sliced ??chicken or turkey, etc.)
rischio Preserved meat (ex. lunch meat, jelly)
rischio Hamburger
rischio Preserved fish: natural, in oil, smoked, with the addition of other substances (with the exception of the sulphites, citric acid, ascorbic acid)
rischio Homogenized meat, fish, ham
rischio Ready meals or pre-cooked (with meat or fish)
rischio Eggs (whole, egg yolks or egg whites) liquid, flavored and pasteurized
rischio Powder eggs (whole, egg yolks or egg whites)
rischio Surimi 

vietato Meat or fish breaded (veal chop, sticks, fried fish, etc.) or floured or mixed with breadcrumbs (hamburgers, meatballs, etc.) or cooked in sauces thickened with prohibited flour


Milk, diary, cheese and vegetable subsitutes

permesso Milk: diary (pasteurized), long-life (UHT, sterilised), delactosed, highly digestible, not flavoured (except vitamin and/or minerals added)
permesso Powdered milk without other ingredients
permesso Toddlers milk (0-12 months)
permesso Fermented milk, probiotics (containing only milk/yogurt, sugar and lactobacillus)
permesso Fresh and aged, even delactosed, cheese
permesso Parmigiano Reggiano DOP and Grana Padano DOP grated cheese
permesso Natural (light or full-fat) yogurt, even delactosed
permesso White creamy yogurt without thickeners, flavourings or other substances (containing only yogurt, sugar and lactobacillus)
permesso Greek yogurt (containing only milk, milk cream and lactobacillus), without flavourings or other substances added
permesso Cream: fresh (pastorised) and long-life (UHT), even delactosed, not mixed with other ingredients, excluding carrageenan (E 407)

rischio Cream: long-life (UHT), dressed with mushrooms, salmon, ecc., whipped, spray, vegetable
rischio Fruity yogurt, creamy
rischio White creamy yogurt, thickeners, flavourings or other substances added
rischio Greek yogurt thickeners, flavourings or other substances added
rischio Soy, rice yogurt
rischio Sliced, spreadable, vegetable (es. tofu) and snack cheese
rischio Light cheese added with thickeners, flavours or other substances
rischio Spreadable cheese added with thickeners, flavours or other substances
rischio Cottage cheese, thickeners, flavourings or other substances added
rischio Grated cheese mixes
rischio Creams, puddings, milk, soy, rice based panna cotta
rischio Powdered milk with others ingredients
rischio Condensed milk
rischio Fiber, cocoa, flavourings or other substances added milk (except vitamin and/or minerals added)
rischio Growing up milk (1-3 years)
rischio Fermented milk, probiotics containing tickeners, flavourings or other substances
rischio Milk, soya, rice, almond based drinks
rischio Cheese baby food

vietato Convenience cheese based food, breaded with forbidden flours
vietato Malt, cereal, biscuits yogurt
vietato Cereal milk, biscuits milk
vietato Oat based beverage


Vegetables and Legumes

permesso All types of vegetables (fresh, dried, frozen, freeze-dried)
permesso Preserved vegetables and mushrooms (pickled, in oil, corned) if only made up of: vegetables and/or mushrooms, water, salt, oil, vinegar, sugar, sulphurous anydride, ascorbic acid, citric acid), spices and aromatic herbs
permesso Steamed/boiled vegetables, even if added with salt, ascorbic acid and citric acid
permesso Frish, dried, frozen mushrooms
permesso All legumes (frish, frozen, dried and tinned) or only made up of water, salt, sugar, sulphurous anydride, ascorbic acid, citric acid, tomato sauce: carobs, chick peas, chickling peas, beans, broad beans, lentils, hops, peas, soy
permesso Prepared vegetable soup (frozen, fresh, dried) only made up of vegetables (vegetables, legumes, potatoes)

rischio Vegetable soups
rischio Soups with gluten-free cereals
rischio Legumes mix, allowed grains and legumes mix
rischio Ready-to-consume dishes of pre-cooked frozen vegetables (es. vegetables and cheese)
rischio Pre-fried and pre-cooked frozen potatoes
rischio Pre-packed crisps bag (snack)
rischio Instant or frozen purée
rischio Potato flakes
rischio Preserved vegetables, steamed vegetables, boiled vegetables mixed with other ingredients
rischio Grilled vegetables (pickled, in oil, frozen)
rischio Homogenized vegetables

vietato Vegetables (soups, etc.) with not allowed cereals
vietato Covered with breadcrumbs, floured, battered with not allowed ingredients vegetables



permesso Any kind of fruit as it is (fresh and frozen)
permesso Any kind of dried fruit nuts or not (roasted, salted even if vegetal oils is added)
permesso Dehydrated fruit, dried not floured even if added with vegetal oils, sulfur dioxide and citric acid (dates, figs, prunes, sultanas etc.)
permesso Canned fruit even if added with citric acid, ascorbic acid, juice, sugar, syrup of glucose or glucose-fructose 
permesso Shakes, mousse, fruit sauces made only of fruit, sugar, ascorbic acid (E300 or vitamin C) and citric acid (E330)

rischio Candied, caramelized, frosted fruits
rischio Shakes, mousse and fruit sauces mixed with other ingredients
rischio Homogenized fruit
rischio Flour and chopped dried fruit (coconut, almonds, hazelnuts, chestnuts etc.)

vietato Dehydrated floured fruit (dried figs, etc.)

Drinks and ingredients for make beverages

permesso Fruit juice no added with vitamins and other ingredients (preservatives, aromas, food coloring…) except for ascorbic acid (E300, or vitamin C), citric acid (E330), sugar, fructose, syrup of glucose or glucose-fructose
permesso Fizzy drinks (cola, orange, etc.) without sweeteners

rischio Light drinks, “zero”, with sweeteners
rischio Fruit based drinks
rischio Milk based drinks, soy, rice, almond milk drinks
rischio Drinks with ginseng or ginseng flavor
rischio Milkshake/smoothie (ready drinks or power)
rischio Salt supplements (ready or power)
rischio Fruit juice with vitamines and other ingredients
rischio Instant hot chocolate/cocoa drinks, cappuccinos
rischio Syrups for drinks or slush
rischio Effervescent beverage powders or tabs

vietato Oat drink

Coffee, Tea, Herbal Tea

permesso Coffee, decaffeinated coffee, filter coffee, coffee pods 
permesso Tea, coffin free tea, camomile tea, herbal tea (bulk, filters, bags) with herbs, fruit and aromas
rischio Ginseg coffee, drinks with ginseng flavor
rischio Istant coffee
rischio Pods for hot drinks
rischio Tea, camomile tea, herbal tea (liquid, instant or powder)
rischio Tea, caffeine free tea, herbal tea (bulk, filters, bags) with herbs, fruit and other ingredients (chocolate, meringue, caramel…)

vietato Istant coffee, ersatz coffee, gluten cereal based drinks (i.e. barley) excluding those labelled as gluten-free1

1Sporadic consumption is recommended       



permesso Wine, champagne
permesso Distillates (cognac, gin, grappa, rum, tequila, whisky, vodka) not containing added flavourings or other substances 

rischio Alcoholic beverages with added flavourings or other substances (es. liquors, distillates added with other substances)
rischio Beers from permitted cereals
rischio Cider

 vietato Barley and/or wheat beers, excluding those labelled as with gluten-free1

1Sporadic consumption is recommended        



permesso Honey, sugar (white, brown, grain)
permesso Raw licorice root
permesso Maltodextrins and glucose syrups, including dextrose derivation also prohibited from cereals
permesso Pure fructose
permesso Syrup of agave, maple

rischio Cocoa powder
rischio Candies, candied fruits, sugared almond, jellies, chewing-gum
rischio Chocolate (with and without filling), chocolate spreads and/or hazelnut
rischio Cake decorations (pralines, sprinkles, food coloring)
rischio Sweeteners
rischio Industrial or artisanal ice cream, finished materials for homemade ice cream/ice cream parlor
rischio Jams and marmalades
rischio Marrons glacés
rischio Fondant, marzipan
rischio Nougat, crispy
rischio Icing sugar, flavoured

vietato Chocolate with cereals
vietato Cakes, biscuits and cakes prepared with flour prohibited and/or ingredients unsuitable


Fats, spices, seasonings & others

permesso Butter, clarified butter, lard, cocoa butter
permesso Vegetable oils
permesso Wine vinegar (not flavoured)
permesso Traditional Balsamic Vinegar DOP: from Modena, from Reggio Emilia; Modena Balsamic Vinegar IGP
permesso Cider vinegar
permesso (Brewer's) yeast: fresh, freeze-dried, dry
permesso Baking soda, baking ammonia, cream of tartar as they are
permesso Yeast extract
permesso Agar Agar leaves
permesso Royal jelly, pollen
permesso Tomato puree, peeled tomatoes, chopped tomatoes and tomato concentrate not mixed with other ingredients excluding ascorbic acid (E300 or vitamin C), citric acid (E330), tomato juice, sugar, salt 
permesso Pepper, salt, saffron
permesso Spices and aromatic herbs as they are; even when added with salt
permesso Curry only intended as spice and aromatic herb
permesso Lemon juice not added with other ingredients (excluding metabisulphites and essential oil)
permesso Seeds (hemp, chia, sunflower, flax, sesame, pumpkin, etc.)

rischio Flavoured vinegar (not DOP balsamic vinegar, not IGP balsamic vinegar)
rischio Bèchamel made with allowed cereals' flour
rischio Light butter, margarine and light margarine
rischio Dressing with non defined composition
rischio Ready sauces (ragù, pesto, etc.)
rischio Seeds mix
rischio Sauces (maionese, mustard, ketchup, etc.) patè, anchovy paste
rischio Mostarda
rischio Stock cube, ready soup, stock (meat and vegetable)
rischio Aromatized seasoning
rischio Agar-Agar powder, Agar-Agar bars
rischio Guar gum, xanthan gum
rischio Flavourings, vanillin
rischio Isinglass
rischio Jelly
rischio Baking powder (leavening agent)
rischio Fresh liquid brewing yeast
rischio Soy lecithin
rischio Miso soup, tamari, soy sauce
rischio Curry added with other ingredients
rischio Bean curd
vietato Sourdough, mother dough
vietato Wheat gluten (seitan)
vietato Bèchamel made with forbidden cereals' flours


Dietary Supplement

rischio Dietary supplement

Copyright©2001, Associazione Italiana Celiachia Onlus. Tutti i diritti riservati. All rights reserved. Ogni diritto sulle banche dati è riservato.